From the family Piperaceae, Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine that is cultivated for its fruit. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn. Both the whole peppercorn and the ground peppercorn are frequently referred to as simply ‘pepper’. Peppercorns come in many varieties. Black, Green, and White peppercorns are the most common. The ripeness of the fruit before being dried determines the color, and flavor, of the pepper.
Black Pepper is the most popular form of pepper in the USA. Black peppercorns are produced by picking the mature but unripe berries as they are beginning to turn from green to yellow. They are then boiled briefly and then allowed to ferment and dry naturally in the sun (or by forced-air heating) until wrinkled and black. Black Pepper is moderately hot, pungent and aromatic.
Black Pepper’s bite comes from piperine which is found in both the outer fruit layer and the seed. By mass, black pepper contains between 4.6% and 9.7% piperine. Pepper loses its strong aroma and biting flavor through evaporation. Once ground these tend to evaporate relatively quickly. Because of this, all pepper is ground right before being packaged.
We also have whole black peppercorns available for your pepper mill. Try out white pepper for a wamer, less biting pepper flavor. Can’t decide? We also have a black and white peppercorn blend that is perfect for your pepper mill!
Our fine pepper is considered a 30/60 mesh size.